Table of Contents
What is Ethereum 2.0 and why do we need it?
Due to higher gas fees and longer transaction times caused by increased adoption of Ethereum 1.0, the network has had difficulty scaling.
The Ethereum (ETH) 1.0 blockchain has been adopted by crypto developers for decentralised applications such as lending, borrowing, pooling, and trading. As a result of rising adoption, increased network congestion, higher gas prices, and longer transaction times have resulted. To address these issues, a new version of Ethereum, known as Ethereum 2.0, was proposed.
What is Ethereum 2.0?
To make the Ethereum network more scalable, secure, and long-lasting, a group of upgrades known as Ethereum 2.0 has been proposed.
To put it another way, Ethereum 2.0 is the upgrade from version 1.0. It is expected that Ethereum 2.0 will include a number of interconnected upgrades designed to make Ethereum more scalable, secure, and long-lasting by focusing on higher speed, or transactions per second (TPS), greater efficiency, and improved security. There are three parts to these proposed improvements, according to the company.
The Beacon Chain, which goes live on December 1, 2020, is the first upgrade on the list. In addition to the Beacon Chain’s proof-of-work (PoW) to proof-of-stake (PoS) consensus algorithm migration, this algorithm provides even greater security.
“The Merge” is the codename for Ethereum 2.0’s second phase, which is scheduled to take place in 2022. The Merge, as the name implies, will combine the mainnet with the Beacon Chain, making the switch to the PoW consensus and saving energy.
The introduction of shard chains, which will also take place in 2022, will further increase Ethereum’s storage capacity and data access. Increasing the number of blockchains on the network will be easier with faster transactions.
Proof-of-stake networks use a concept known as staking.
To participate in staking, you must validate transactions on a proof-of-stake blockchain in exchange for rewards in cryptographic currency.
Staking is a process similar to mining in that it involves the active participation of users in the PoS blockchain transaction validation. Staking rewards are given to users who meet the cryptocurrency’s minimum balance requirement by validating transactions. To fully activate the validator software on Ethereum 2.0, you’ll need 32 ETH.
Some platforms will allow users to indirectly participate in Ethereum 2.0 by using the head-related decentralised finance (DeF)i contract as an additional feature for “Staking Earn.” Users may be eligible for additional tokens, rewards, fees, income, and better liquidity in addition to receiving a portion of the ETH lockout bonus.
Where does ETH2.0 Staking Earn stand in comparison to ETH self-staking?
‘Ethereum 2.0 Staking Earn’ is its own product, providing users with rewards from several DeFi products while Ethereum 2.0 staking allows validators to be compensated for securing the network.
Each validation round on Ethereum 2.0’s PoS-powered blockchain will bundle 32 transactions into a single block. Each epoch, or finalised transaction, is a block bundle.
The Beacon Chain divides stakeholders into “committees” of 128, each of which is given a shard block as part of the validation process, also known as “attesting.” When it comes to Ethereum 2.0, the issuing rate will be set by a base reward. The base reward per validator will decrease as the number of validators connected to Ethereum 2.0 grows. Since the base reward is inversely proportional to the square root of the Ethereum 2.0 validators’ balance, this statement is correct.
When compared to Eth2.0 Staking Earn from Matrixport, which is a financial services platform in Asia, it is a product. Staking Ethereum 2.0 with this product allows users to earn rewards from other DeFi projects while also participating in Ethereum 2.0 staking.
Using well-established DeFi protocols, Eth2.0 Staking Earn aims to increase the yield. There are over 540,000 ETH staked in Lido, the largest Ethereum 2.0 decentralised contract, and Curve, according to the team behind Matrixport’s platform.
Curve offers users low slippage and low transaction fees while providing a stable currency exchange service. Due to the 2.30 percent Ethereum 2.0 staking reward, 6.81 percent of DeFi mining token revenue, and a 0.14 transaction fee income, Ethereum 2.0 Staking Earn generates returns of 3 to 10 percent.